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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 14, 2013 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to working to provide capital for
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key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." "bbc world news america." a crackdown against supporters mohamed morsi leaves at least 235 dead. but today's events are counterle and they run to egyptian aspirations for peace, inclusion, and genuine democracy. >> looking for the keys to cancer looking in our genes. research focuses on mutations which turns healthy tissue into tumors. an all-star cast brings history
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to the screen. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. egypt is under a state of emergency after a crackdown on supporters of deposed president mohammed morsi which left at least 235 dead and more than 2000 wounded. toice and troops row cap protest camps occupied by morsi supporters. there has been international condemnation in response. we spent the day on the streets of cairo. >> tonight, the mosque is on fire. violent days most
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and egyptian modern history, the last pieces of territory held by the islamists are burning. the islamists of egypt have lost a president. this morning, on one of the most violent days in egypt modern history, they tried to hold on to their last pieces of territory. two hours after first light, without warning, the stakes moved in. we filmed a military bulldozer knocking down the barricades around the mosque. this is the capital of the pro morsi movement. the protesters fall back. this is what a last stand looks like. >> a man was standing next to
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me. in a second, he was hit in the chest and he died. what have we done? >> demonstrators burned tires. here, under older man joined in. his officer fired his shotgun towards demonstrators as they ran away. on fore has been going about two hours. the police control this road. i would say that we are hundred meters from the encampment. we have been hearing live of fire. from a balcony, some even cheer the offensive. in this neighborhood, the -- the security forces have plenty of support. the mosque was just a a few blocks away.
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government tv has broadcast these infrared pictures. they are said to show morsi supporters firing on the police from the encampment. this is what the pro morsi movement would like the world to see. supporters took these pictures inside of the hospital. many are too graphic to show. a bbc arabic correspondent counted 50 bodies in one more. the protesters called the radio massacre. is a war ofacre annihilation. they should realize that the military coup has failed. he will be tried before a criminal court. he is trying to drag the egyptian army and people into civil war.
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>> we could have saved some of the injured if ambulances had been allowed access to the camp to take them to the hospital. this is a crime of war. >> a british cameraman was one of three journalists killed in the assault. he was 61 years old and married with two sons. thegovernment insists that security forces have acted with restraint. he has offered sympathy but no apology. >> we would like to build a city and state, not religious for military. we are asking for the effort for all of the sons of egypt. i would like to say that the blood has been shed from all sides and it is regretful. tonight, a curfew keeps the capital silent. thegovernment has scattered protesters.
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days assault may only deepen his country's division. >> the conflict has pitted the two most organized institutions in the country against one another. our diplomatic correspondent is considering the implications for egypt and the rest of the arab world. >> egypt could hardly be more polarized. they are determined to impose their vision of democracy. , supporters side of a more islamic egypt than the military will allow. the white house condemned it and the white house is warning of grave risks. forhis is a pivotal moment all egyptians. the path towards violence only leads to economic disaster instability and suffering.
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the only sustainable path for one towards a political solution. >> a political solution in egypt is difficult to see. the security forces went in hard because the army chief wants little or no space left for the muslim brotherhood after bringing down its leader, the elected president, who tried to clip the general's wings. the muslim brotherhood said that there victory was stolen when mohamed morsi was deposed but many egyptians think that mr. morsi's performance lost him support. his move towards islamic rule moved people to protest against him as they did against the mubarak regime. does the scale of today's bloodshed risk tipping egypt toward something far worse, even civil war? one powerful leader in the
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region, turkey's president, points to that danger, pointing to syria. i fear that if egypt continues on this path that it will descend into chaos from which he cannot escape. everyone involved must come together with logic and common sense to restore democracy in egypt. i remind everyone about the situation in our neighboring country. that is what happens when you confront civilians with weapons. in egypt spreads, the vicealexandria, president has resigned. a serious blow to the interim government. matterspens in egypt far beyond their borders. months, possibly years of dangerous instability in egypt and the wider region could be the outcome. >> for more on today's violence i spoke earlier with a career
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egyptian diplomat who most recently served as a special envoy to africa. the world watched in horror today as people were killed on the streets of egypt. how can you defend what happened? >> the way you introduce it, it gives a negative impression. it is not that of the people were killed. >> more than 140 people did die today. get a background to see why we were forced to intervene. the question is who was killed and who killed. my concern is that we don't have yet, neither you nor me, solid information of the exact numbers or the exact situation. >> your government engineered this to to bring stability to egypt but that hasn't worked.
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>> again, i have to differ with qualify it as a coup. as you convince me that more than 30 million, 25, 30 million people on the street could be a -- politicians. >> call it a coup, call it a change of government. >> the question here, i wish you had raised, is who is stopping the country from heading towards stable growth? the muslim brothers reject the will of the people and they continue to occupy the different parts of the country and seizing tons of weapons. you see what happened. now broken up these in cameras by the muslim
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brotherhood. how do you expect to sit down and talk to them after what happened? >> it depends on who you are talking to. we will not talk to a violent organization but we will talk to the party which is peaceful and who can a bot b -- who can abide by the rules of the game. we will continue to invite them as a political force. >> the white house has said that what happened today runs counter to all of the pledges that your interim government made. >> once you see such a situation, it is normal that you should have a reaction. i would like to remind you of the white house reaction. when they said that this is a .egitimate being threatened later on, john kerry, they realize the situation and they
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said, we now realize that morsi 's regime was not democratic and we have to respect the will of the people. >> ambassador, the vice president resigned and he said that violence only breeds more violence. >> the government did not resort to violence. it wanted very much to disperse the crowd there and get the country back to a peaceful path and invited the muslim brotherhood to join the process. >> can peaceful elections be held in this backdrop? >> we are hoping that we would aach the muslim brothers reasonable way out of the situation. after all, these are egyptians and they should be part of the egyptian people and they have the political process going on in egypt. >> thank you very much for joining us. >> thank you very much. peace talks direct took place between israeli and
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palestinian negotiators. the discussions will remain private but the initial session is going to focus on borders and securities. a ups cargo lane has crashed into a field near the birmingham airport killing two pilots and scattering wreckage over a rural area. it crashed on its approach to the airport before dawn, only about a kilometer from the runway. the pilot and the copilot were the only people aboard. scientists are reporting a milestone in cancer research. they have identified 21 of the genetic mutations that can turn healthy tissue into tumors. 200 types ofe than cancer. the hope is that the genetic signatures left behind by cancer-causing agents can be understood, better treatments can be developed. our science editor reports. eerie sight of cancer
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close up. this shows cancer cells in the kidney. this one in the ovary. investigating how cancer starts is crucial to preventing it or beating it. the most important clue might be genetic. the steady rhythm of machines analyzing dna at the sanger institute near cambridge. part of an effort to understand and ourpens to our dna chances of suffering from cancer. each of ourselves has a strand of dna. put together in a very specific order. can be damaged or altered and these changes can lead to cancer. we know that smoking can do that and inside of lung cancer, it is altered in a particular way. a pair of bases is swapped over. a different signature or pattern of genetic change is left behind by the ultraviolet light that
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can lead to skin cancer. the scientists have found many other signatures of this kind which could all cause different types of cancers for reasons that are not known. >> this is the largest study of its kind. ourre very excited about findings. we have opened the door and encountered many paths that can lead to cancer formation. >> and animation of the moment of the canceled cell dividing. this will not directly lead to new treatments. surgeon specializing in cancer who was involved in the study and says it creates new options for the future, especially with early morning. >> the implications it has for patients is that we can think about not just treatment but we can also think about early detection and prevention. to understand what
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is causing those cancer specifically and which chemical processes are doing that and we can think about how to intervene. >> this study has achieved something unimaginable a few years ago. analyzing 5 million changes in cancer cells. the fight against cancer is slow and frustrating but understand how cancer starts can make a real difference. >> hope in the battle against cancer. you are watching "bbc world news america." the u.s. president came and went but the butler remains the same. the man who worked at the white house at a pivotal the struggle moments. it is unlikely to have been any survivors after two explosions aboard a submarine. the vessel had 18 crew on board when it happened. it is not clear what happened.
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>> a deadly fire on a submarine caused by two major explosions that occurred close to midnight. 18 sailors were on board the vessels that were docked. firefighters rushed to the spot and labor to oust the flames in two hours. residents in the area recalled hearing a loud sound. >> we were standing here, just about to go to work. suddenly, there was a rocket like sound. then there was a blast. almostsubmarine has entirely sunk. just a small portion visible across the water. there is no contact with those who were on board. , two werecrew married officers. six sailors were married. we hope for the best.
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at the same time, we have to prepare for the worst. the boat has remained submerged for more than 12 hours. >> divers are searching for survivors and they are trying to salvage the submarine. have calledities the explosion an accident. they have set up a board of inquiry to investigate what happened. it is a setback for the indian navy which they had only gotten this submarine back into service. >> oprah winfrey, forest whitaker, james thunder. those are some of the starts
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you will find in the new film "the butler." fictionalized version of a real-life story about a black butler who served numerous presidents. the movie is much more than a story of one man. >> i am your new butler. >> it is a film chronicling the life and times of a fictional white house butler. he served during seven presidents. white house called him. >> oprah winfrey plays his wife. is not anervitude alien process. >> i am the granddaughter of a maid. icon from a long line of domestic workers. . i understand what it is to be carried on the backs of people that did not have the opportunities. -- i come from a long line of domestic workers. >> the film focuses on cecil
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gaines, his family, and on america's civil rights movement. it shows his troubles in the 1960's. the picture is providing history. history whereing we still try to move forward from the promise that was made in the beginning of finding a quality, liberty, justice for all. we are still riding the train and we have not gotten to the destination. >> i would like to invite you to the state dinner next week. >> oprah winfrey is not the only big name. jane fonda plays first lady nancy reagan during the days of a republican it ministration. the butler is a picture designed to entertain. also to stimulate people to think about race. >> so, in people have come out of that film and said, i did not know that happened.
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when you have a whole history of people being ignored, overlooked and that line where black man'st a life did not mean anything. you have some perspective for that and you can understand. >> this is not the absolute truth, it is a movie concoction. the butler depicted never existed but he is based on a real white house butler. he died in 2010. >> for more on the real-life story that is fired the film, i spoke to a writer who wrote inut the butler who served the white house. >> i wanted to find a character to work in the white house during the era of segregation because i had this feeling that obama was going to win and i
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wanted to be ready with a story. for someone, that dream would be astonishing. i started calling all around the country because i wanted somebody who was -- >> it took you 56 calls to find eugene who had worked at the white house. aat was it like for him as black man being in the white house during segregation? >> i think it was very emotional for him. you work at the most powerful address in the world, then he could go to his native virginia after work and he would have to beforeegregated bathroom the civil rights bills were passed in 1964. he lived in this rarefied bubble and yet he had to return to second-class citizenship. >> which president was he closest to? >> he spoke fondly of all of the
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president and all of the first ladies. president reagan and nancy reagan invited him to a state dinner in 1986. he was a butler invited as a guest. >> what does that mean to him? >> for his wife, it was like she was all of a sudden cinderella. it was like a dream. these were two people who were born in the american south. he was born on a southern plantation. a be at the white house with jobless special in in and of itself, to be a guest of the president and first lady was another level. >> so to do the election of barack obama. what did that mean? >> two days before the election, he and his wife had been talking about their plans to walk hand-in-hand. they went to bed on sunday night. she died in her sleep the day before the election. he was crestfallen. he had been married to her for
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65 years. he still willed himself to go over. >> he went to the inauguration, didn't he? >> yes, after my story appeared, we got special invitations. went.s son, and him he was able to see, a man who was born on a southern plantation, he was able to see the nation's first african- american president sworn in. and said,s sworn in when i was in the white house, you could not even dream that you could even dream of a moment like this. .hat gave me a tear >> thank you for joining us. >> thank you very much. >> the white house butler who saw the arc of history. to arings today's show close but you can continue watching bbc world news for constant updates.
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of theh me and most team, go to twitter. thank you for watching. >> make sense of international news -- at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions.
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we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: waves of violence rippled across egypt today. scores are dead and the toll is still rising, in the wake of a government crackdown on protests by supporters of the former president. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. >> brown: and i'm jeffrey brown. on the "newshour" tonight: a state of emergency has been declared, plunging egypt under a virtual martial law. we get the latest from cairo. explore how the six-week standoff devolved to bloodshed. >> woodruff: then, in a rare rebuke of wall street, two former j.p. morgan employees face criminal charges for reckless trading. we examine the growing legal woes for the banking giant. >> brown: the common core standards in education push students to think critically, speak persuasively and collaborate.


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